Brick Layer Construction

Brick Layer Perth WA constructs and repairs walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other structures using clay bricks, concrete blocks, and stone. They bind these materials with mortar. They consult building plans and make measurements.

Many bricklayers choose to pursue an apprenticeship, which combines classroom instruction with on-the-job training. Some colleges offer certificate programs.

brick layer

Bricklayers construct walls, partitions, fireplaces, and chimneys using various building materials, including clay bricks and concrete blocks. They bind these materials with mortar to create strong and durable structures. Masonry is a trade that requires a high level of skill and knowledge to achieve success. A successful bricklayer must be able to read blueprints, work from heights, and use construction tools such as a rake and trowel.

The most common material used by bricklayers is cement mortar, which is a mixture of sand and water with a chemical binder. The cement mortar must consistently ensure a strong bond with the bricks. The type of bricks used also depends on the project. Some may be made of recycled materials, while others are specially designed to enhance the visual appeal of a structure.

In addition to cement, bricklayers often use various other construction materials such as glass, gypsum, and terra cotta blocks. Masons must be able to work with these materials and mix them with water to make the mortar they need for their work. They must also be able to use measuring and positioning tools to complete their work, such as plumb bobs and gauge lines.

Some of the main responsibilities of a bricklayer include laying and repairing veneer and full brick construction, walkways, patios, and fireplaces, as well as refurbishing decorative stonework and erecting chimneys. Other tasks may involve reading and following blueprints, mixing mortar, sealing foundations, and working with damp-resistant materials. Other duties include constructing and repairing archways, sewers, and other structures.

Much of the work carried out by bricklayers is outdoors and depends on suitable weather conditions. They must have good physical health as the job is physically demanding and involves standing for extended periods. It’s also important that they have good manual dexterity and aren’t afraid of heights.

Masons usually keep hand and power tools in their kits, such as hammers, chisels, and masonry saws. They’ll also have a variety of clamps to hold the bricks in place while they’re being laid and several different bricklaying profiles that will help them spread bricks evenly.

Bricklaying is a very manual process and requires a great deal of skill and knowledge. Bricklayers use several tools to make their work easier. One of the most important tools is the brick trowel. This tool has a flat face and is designed for spreading cement onto the brick. There are several different types of trowels for other purposes, such as a finishing trowel for smoothing out the surface of the cement and a flooring trowel with a pointed face to fit into corners.

The bricklayer also uses various hammers for different tasks. The lump hammer is a very versatile hammer that can be used to chip away at bricks or to break down old mortar and brickwork. A cold chisel is another useful tool for the bricklayer; this is a slim hammer with broad blades that can chip into masonry. A bricklayer’s line and pins are also a key part of the bricklayer’s kit; these act as guides to help build walls straight and accurately.

A spirit level is also a very important tool for the bricklayer. This is a device that is used to indicate whether or not a surface is level or plumb. A spirit level is a small glass tube with a bubble floating inside it; when placed on a surface, the bubble will move around depending on how level or plumb that surface is.

Another essential tool for the bricklayer is a folding ruler. This is a very handy measuring device that can be easily transported and can be used in a variety of situations. It is very useful for checking corners and laying out square structures; it is usually made from washable fiberglass to withstand the elements.

The bricklayer also carries a hod, which is a three-sided box that is used to have the bricks while they are being laid. They also use a toolbox to store all their hand tools; this is a large container that can be moved around the site and kept clean and safe.

Bricklayers use mortar to construct walls, chimney stacks, and decorative masonry structures like archways. They also refurbish masonry on restoration projects. Bricklayers are skilled in laying bricks and other types of blocks, including concrete blocks and cinder blocks, as well as clay bricks. The skills that bricklayers develop during an apprenticeship include:

  • Preparing building materials.
  • Mixing and stocking mortar.
  • Erecting and operating scaffolding.
  • Maintaining safety standards on construction sites.

Masonry construction is a highly precise process that requires years of practice to master. Bricklayers must be able to align and stack bricks and other blocks properly to ensure that the structure is stable. They must also be able to lay bricks and other blocks in various patterns, including herringbone and stack bond.

The ancient Egyptians elevated bricklaying to an art form, crafting magnificent temples and pyramids with precision. In modern times, architects and builders continue to innovate with brick, employing it uniquely. One of the most common uses is to layer bricks in a herringbone pattern, enhancing a building’s structural integrity and aesthetic beauty.

Architects use brick in other ways to express their design goals and reflect the culture of their clients, using a variety of colors and textures to knit together old and new. Atelier Tom Vanhee used contrasting bricks to highlight additions and subtractions at this community center in Belgium. While the building’s overall structure is unified, it allows for light and air to filter through brick pathways to walkways.

There are many techniques for laying bricks, which depend on the type of wall and its load-bearing requirements. For example, a non-load-bearing brick wall might be only half a brick thick, while a load-bearing brick wall might be two bricks thick. Regardless of the technique, bricklayers must be able to accurately estimate and calculate the amount of material needed for a project before beginning work. This will help to avoid waste and unnecessary expenditures. The process is more complicated because bricks are all manufactured in different sizes, so the coordinating dimensions (header face, stretcher face, and mortar bed) must be precisely calculated.

Bricklayer construction requires a lot of manual labor and can expose workers to certain health hazards. Workers are exposed to various substances that can harm their health, including dust, air pollutants, and vibrations. These workers must wear protective clothing and equipment to minimize their exposure. They should also be checked for work-related health problems regularly. In addition, they should practice good housekeeping and cleaning techniques to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries.

Bricklayers use several tools, such as hammers and trowels, along with state-of-the-art power tools, to carry out their jobs. They also use various measuring devices, such as plumb lines and spirit levels, to ensure the bricks are aligned correctly. They must also be extremely attentive and have a keen eye for detail. They must also be able to read blueprints and other technical documents. They may also be required to design or restore monumental masonry, seal foundations, and determine the best construction methods.

While bricklayers can work as part of a construction crew, they often work independently. They perform a variety of talks as part of their job and may be asked to design or restore monumental masonry, use damp-resistant materials to seal foundations, and shape bricks to fit corners. These tasks require special equipment and an understanding of the properties of the construction materials.

A bricklayer’s square scaffold must be erected on firm and level foundations and be at most three tiers. Each tier must be supported by continuous rows of two-inch by nine-inch planks. The fronts of the squares must overlap, and the backs of each row must be nailed or otherwise secured to prevent displacement. The scaffold must also be adequately braced and topped with guardrails.

Bricklayers often use power tools, which can lead to various injuries. These injuries can include facial injuries, lacerations, bruises, eye injuries, and even amputations. In addition, they are at risk of crush injuries. Crush injuries occur when a worker’s body is squeezed between heavy objects, such as bricks or equipment. These injuries can cause serious and life-threatening injuries, such as head injuries, broken bones, and even fatalities.

Choosing the Right Asbestos Abatement Contractor

Asbestos can be found in various products in homes and buildings, such as textured paint, floor and ceiling tiles, shingles, and insulation. It is toxic and has been linked to many medical conditions, including mesothelioma.

To avoid exposure, asbestos removal should be left to professionals. However, homeowners who want to take on the project should know some important things before starting. Click to learn more.

asbestos removal

Asbestos is a deadly substance that can cause many serious illnesses. Even small amounts of exposure can lead to health problems, including lung diseases such as asbestosis and COPD. It can also cause cancer, including mesothelioma. While asbestos is no longer used in new products, it can still be found in older buildings and homes. It is usually in insulation materials, shingles, and tiling. Some old cars and mechanical equipment may contain it as well. While national and international bans on the material have reduced its use, it remains a danger when it is handled, sampled, or removed by untrained individuals.

The best way to avoid exposure is never to disturb any asbestos-containing materials in your home. Instead, have an accredited professional test them before you decide to do anything with them. Licensed asbestos contractors can perform home inspections, test samples of material, and give you recommendations on what to do with it. They can even repair or encapsulate the material, a much safer alternative to complete removal.

If you must work with asbestos, ensure your family and pets stay away from the area until the work is done. You should also close doors and seal off other areas of the house to minimize contamination. You should also wear protective clothing and gloves and follow decontamination procedures carefully.

Asbestos is dangerous if it becomes airborne, and it can travel long distances before settling, contaminating the environment. It can be inhaled or ingested, and it can cause diseases such as lung cancer and mesothelioma. Inhaling or swallowing even a single fiber can damage your lungs and digestive tract, and it takes years before symptoms appear.

Asbestos is a group of naturally occurring mineral fibers used for strength, flexibility, and resistance to heat and chemicals. When asbestos fibers become airborne, they can irritate the lungs and cause diseases like lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis.

Homeowners should learn about asbestos testing and removal services before hiring a professional for a renovation project in their homes. This will help them avoid contractors who may mislead homeowners into unnecessary removals or incorrectly perform them. Unnecessary removals are a good use of money and may increase health risks.

In general, asbestos materials that are not damaged or disturbed do not pose a risk of releasing fibers. Only if the material is more than slightly damaged or will be disturbed (by remodeling) should it be repaired or removed by a licensed professional. Repair usually involves sealing or covering the material.

When inspecting, the asbestos professional should take samples of all suspected asbestos-containing materials. Samples are then sent to a laboratory for analysis. The laboratory must be accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). A list of NVLAP-accredited laboratories is available on the NIST website.

Various regulations stipulate that several samples of each type of material should be taken. The analysis results may vary due to manufacturing processes and analytical methods. An analogy to this is the “chocolate chip theory”: you may not always get a full chocolate chip in every bite of a cookie.

During the actual removal of any asbestos, workers should follow strict safety procedures and use personal protective equipment. This includes disposable coveralls with fitted hoods that prevent penetration of asbestos fibers, gloves, gumboots, and eye protection. They should also wear a respirator appropriate for the type of removal.

Asbestos is a group of naturally occurring mineral fibers that are strong and do not easily crumble. In the past, asbestos was used as insulation, fireproofing, and to strengthen cement. It was also found in floor tiles, roofing, and siding materials. It was often wrapped around older hot water pipes and water boilers. It was also taped to sections of furnace air ducts. It can still be found in these older homes and buildings, especially when the material is in good condition. Asbestos is only dangerous when it becomes airborne and inhaled into the lungs. It can cause serious health problems, including cancer and mesothelioma.

Several companies specialize in asbestos removal and recycling. It is important to choose a company that has received accreditation and certification from the EPA or other state-approved organizations. The company should be willing to provide written proof of their certification and training. You can find a list of certified asbestos contractors from your local health department or regional office of the EPA.

When asbestos is removed from a home, it must be wetted before being bagged and sent to a landfill. This process helps to reduce the amount of asbestos that ends up in landfills, which are already overcrowded. It also reduces the risk of contamination to people who work in landfills and surrounding areas.

It is important to identify the source of the asbestos exposure before any repairs or removal occurs. In many cases, asbestos-related diseases develop years after the initial exposure. This is because the tiny asbestos fibers enter the lungs and lodge there for long periods. Some of these fibers are also ingested and may be transferred to other body parts.

Asbestos is a fibrous mineral that has been shown to cause cancer, respiratory problems, and other illnesses. Because of this, it is important to ensure this material is handled and disposed of correctly. The best way to do this is to hire a professional. They will be able to ensure that the asbestos is not disturbed and properly disposed of per state regulations.

Most states require abatement companies to be licensed. The qualifications for licensure include completing a training course and passing an exam. An accredited 3rd party usually conducts this training, lasting 2-5 days, depending on the discipline. Certification is good for one year and needs to be renewed. In addition, many states have specific requirements for businesses that provide asbestos abatement services.

There are exceptions to these rules, however. In some cases, exempt licensed trade groups can remove or encapsulate friable asbestos in their workspace without obtaining an asbestos abatement contractor license. These exemptions are for electricians, plumbing contractors, general and residential construction or maintenance/alteration contractors.

For all abatement projects, workers need to take precautions during the work. They should wear protective clothing and a face mask. They should also adequately wet the material with water before, during, and after removing it. The wet asbestos fibers will not float in the air and be more easily contained. They should also wrap the material in plastic or tarps that are leak-tight and then place it in a waste bag for disposal.

The bag should be sealed and transported to the landfill in a covered vehicle. The disposal record form and a copy of the AQMD requirement letter should accompany it.

Choosing the right asbestos abatement pro to handle your project is critical. You need a professional certified by the state and federal governments to remove safe asbestos. They should also follow strict regulations and processes to ensure the safety of everyone in the work area. You can evaluate the abilities of each pro by asking some key questions.

It would be best to ask the abatement contractor to wet the asbestos materials before removing them. This will prevent the fibers from becoming airborne and putting people’s health at risk. Also, ask them not to break removed materials into smaller pieces. This can also release airborne asbestos. Pipe insulation was typically installed in blocks, so breaking them up could release the dangerous material into the air.

If you have asbestos in your home, it’s important to hire professionals to conduct a home inspection, test samples, and recommend the best course of action. They should also provide services like encapsulation and minor repair.

The cost of asbestos removal can vary depending on the house’s location and how much needs to be done. The overall price includes the labor and materials costs. In addition, you need to consider other expenses, such as travel and lodging costs for the crew if they need to evacuate your home during the work.

It’s also a good idea to get quotes from multiple asbestos removal companies, as prices can differ significantly. Getting quotes can help you make the best decision and avoid overpaying. However, remember that saving money isn’t worth putting yourself and your family’s health at risk. It’s better to pay more for a quality service than risking your family’s health by doing it yourself.

Altar Items and Their Uses

The items you place on your altar will vary depending on the ritual you perform. However, some basic necessities are often found on many different kinds of altars.

Altar Items

You don’t need to spend a fortune on your altar, but you should make sure it is meaningful and special to you. Shop at Crystal Shops for affordable altar items.

Candles are a staple of altars, whether you use them to light a spell or simply bring the energy of your ritual into your space. Pillar candles are one of the most popular choices. They are cylindrical and come in many different sizes and heights. These candles also work well as decorative accents in lanterns and other pieces of home decor.

When candles burn, they create a fourth zone called the veil, which extends outward from the center of the flame. This area contains the most intense heat and is often blue in color. The warmth of the candle attracts cooler air and oxygen, which rises around the flame to replace it. This cool air surrounds the hotter, blue part of the flame and creates the illusion of a shadow.

Most Wiccan and Nature spirituality practitioners use candles on their altars for ceremonial purposes. The colors of the candles can represent the four elements, like black & white for goddess and god or brown and green for earth and air, or they can be used for specific intentions like red for love, orange for health or green for prosperity. Some candles are made from essential oils that can also benefit health.

The scents of candles can help people relax, lower stress and encourage feelings of wellbeing. This is because the fragrances can help to calm the nervous system, and many people find the sight of a candle beautiful. Studies have shown that beauty in general promotes mental and physical health, and so creating an environment that is pleasing to the eye can help us to feel good about ourselves.

Other things that can be placed on an altar include photos of deceased loved ones and salt, which is used to purify souls as they pass over. Some people will also add personal items such as crystals, which have specific energies associated with them, a deck of angel or intention cards and even their own favorite beverage.


The altar of incense was one of three pieces of furniture the LORD prescribed for His tabernacle, along with the table of showbread and the golden lampstand (Num. 6-7). While the other two vessels illustrated God’s provision for His people, the altar of incense reflected their work and prayers to Him.

Incense is one of the most common gateways into the spiritual side of humanity, and every culture and religion in the world has used it to some extent. It’s a great way to quiet the mind and allow yourself time to focus and meditate. You can also use it to help clear and cleanse negative energies within your home or work space. Many of our incense sticks and smudging feathers have an aromatherapy element that can aid in this practice.

When you’re using incense at your altar, it’s best to do so in a quiet area free of distractions. Minimize the number of people in the room and turn off or put on silent mode any electronic devices you might have. This will help you to fully concentrate on your time and intention for the purpose of your prayer, meditation or smudging ritual.

Some incense scents have the ability to help with mental clarity and boosting concentration and memory. These include Aloeswood, Cedar and Citrus scents.

Resin incense, which is a natural substance extracted from the tree, is another type of incense that can be burned at your altar. You can purchase this in a stick or coil form. It’s important to note that resin incense can be a fire hazard and should only be used in a well ventilated area. If you prefer, you can also purchase our new Altar of the Flower of Life Handcrafted Copper Incense Dish. It has a beautiful sculpted design and comes with a brass burner.


A crystal altar can be teeny-tiny or take up the entire room. It all depends on what you want your crystals to do for you! Crystals are often used on altars for healing, protection, love, luck and spiritual growth. People generally choose their crystals based on metaphysical properties, chakras or Feng Shui. Rose Quartz is a popular choice for love, while Tiger’s Eye promotes good fortune. You can also choose to create a crystal grid on your altar. This involves arranging crystals in a specific sacred geometric shape, like a circle, spiral, infinity symbol, square, triangle or hexagon.

Adding crystals to your altar will help you manifest your intention. You can meditate in front of your altar, set morning intentions over it or just gaze at your altar for a quick energy boost before you start the day. Many people use their crystal altars for sound healing, too. Chanting or singing in front of your altar can raise the vibrational frequency and attract more energy to your intention. Many people also use their crystal altars to perform new moon rituals, as the new moon represents transformation and rebirth.

You can also incorporate photos of loved ones, both alive and passed, into your crystal altar. The energy of these photos will resonate with the healing energy of your altar. You can also add flowers, leaves or fruit to your altars for their scent and nutritional value. Dried herbs and spices can also amplify the energies of your altar.

It’s important to cleanse your crystal altar regularly, as this flushes out negative energy and brings in fresh vibrations. Some people do this using water, like in the shower or by smudging the area with smoke from a burning sage stick. Others do it with light or by bathing the crystals in sunlight or moonlight.


An altar cloth makes an altar even more appealing. Altar linens are used in many different traditions from Paganism and Wicca to Judaism and Christianity. An altar cloth serves as both a decoration to invoke reverence and inspiration, and a cover to protect sacred objects and surfaces. If you’re looking to create a more intimate space, consider creating an altar cloth that reflects your personality and beliefs.

The first thing you need to do is decide on a design for your cloth. You can find altar cloth patterns online or you can create your own. If you choose to make your own, be aware that the lines will probably not be super straight. This is okay though, because creativity is born from imperfection!

Next, prepare the linen to be starched. This is a time consuming and messy process. Make sure that you set aside an hour or so to do this. It is best to do this during the new or full moon, or a holiday when you are in a good mood and have positive energy.

Once the linen is prepared to be starched, place it in a five-gallon bucket with Sta-Flo liquid starch and water. Be sure to mix the solution thoroughly. Next, dip the linen into the solution and stir it around until it is completely saturated with starch.

After soaking the linen, place it in a strainer to remove any excess starch solution. This is important because too much will cause the linen to be too wet to iron properly. It is also essential to press out any moisture that may have accumulated during the wash cycle. You can do this by using a clothes iron on a steam setting or simply hang the cloth in a well ventilated area to allow the excess moisture to evaporate.


A symbol represents a particular aspect of the element that it is representing. This is why it is important to consider the symbolism behind an altar item before choosing it. This way the item holds deeper meaning for you and your rituals. Some common symbols include a pentagram, candles in different colors (like black & white for divinity and fertility or brown & green for Earth) or even rocks or shells that speak to you.

You might also want to add other items that are specific to the season or your current focus. The possibilities are truly endless and can change with your needs at any time. It’s also important to tend to and clean your altar regularly, like you would your house or workplace, this keeps it clear and energized.

For example, if you are working with the energies of Dia de los Muertos then you might put skulls or sugar canes on your altar along with photos of deceased family and friends. You might also put flowers, fruit and food on the altar as offerings to the spirits. You may also choose to include personal items from the spirit like clothing garments or hair that you have of your deceased loved ones.

Other items that can be used on an altar are crystals, natural incense or oils, flowers, feathers and images of land animals (which represent Air energy). Water can be represented by a cup or chalice or even sea shells. Water is associated with emotions, intuition and healing and is a Yin energy. You could also use salt on your altar to cleanse the space. A cloth is often used on an altar to protect it and to keep dust off of the items. This can be a simple piece of lace or a large brocade.

Water Damage Restoration: What You Need to Know

If you notice any signs of water damage, such as stains on your ceilings or mold, the sooner you get it cleaned, the better. This will help prevent further damage and save on repair costs.

Water Damage

Professionals will use industrial-strength dryers, fans, and wet vacs to eliminate excess moisture. They’ll also open windows and doors to promote air flow.

The first step in the water remediation process is to identify the source of the flooding and shut it off. This is vital to reduce the amount of damage done and prevent additional hazards like toxic mold from arising. It’s also important to turn off any electricity in the affected area, as water can cause electrical shorts and pose a major safety risk.

Once the source of the flood is shut off, the water removal and drying process can begin. It’s a good idea to start this as quickly as possible to reduce the risk of structural damage and other potential problems. The water restoration company will use pumps and vacuums to extract as much water as possible. This will save you the hassle and expense of dealing with a more extensive cleanup later on.

Moisture levels in the affected areas will then be tested using moisture metering tools such as hygrometers and moisture swabs. This will help determine the extent of the damage and the time it will take to dry out the area.

If any porous materials, such as drywall, have been damaged by the water, they will need to be removed and replaced. This can be a difficult task, but it’s essential for protecting your property from serious damage and making sure that any lingering moisture doesn’t lead to further issues in the future.

If you’re planning on hiring a professional for this job, look for a water restoration company that has been certified by the Institute of Inspection, Cleaning, and Restoration Certification (IICRC). This means they’ll be familiar with the latest techniques and technology and will have the equipment necessary to do a thorough job.


As a part of the water damage restoration process, dehumidification is done to dry out the building materials and structures. This is necessary because standing water can cause structural damage and a host of other problems, including mold and mildew. This can lead to health issues for the people living in the home, such as bronchial irritation and respiratory infections.

The dehumidification equipment used by a professional water restoration company is industrial-grade and uses specialized technology to pull in moisture from the air, cool it while condensing the humidity, and then redistribute the dried, dehumidified air throughout the house. The equipment is placed strategically within the house to ensure maximum efficiency and speed.

When the water damage repair is complete, the property should be completely dry. This is a crucial step in the restoration process because it can help prevent the growth of mold and mildew, which can affect indoor air quality. It can also reduce the risk of future flooding and water damage.

The EPA warns that mold and mildew can pose serious health risks. This is because they produce spores that can trigger allergies, especially in children and the elderly. Mold and mildew can also trigger asthma attacks and other respiratory problems in some people. The best way to avoid these problems is to hire a water damage restoration professional to deal with the problem as quickly as possible. This will prevent further damage and save the homeowner costly repairs and replacements.


Water damage restoration cleaning is a critical step in restoring your home to its pre-water damage condition. This stage involves removing contaminated debris and other materials, using foam, abrasive, or immersion cleaning techniques, and sanitizing the affected areas. The water remediation specialists also monitor moisture levels to ensure the area is completely dry before moving on to the next phase of the process.

This is a highly specialized skill that requires extensive training to properly perform. A good water restoration company will have a team of certified technicians who are familiar with all aspects of the restoration process. They will also be equipped with the right tools to do the job correctly.

They will use industrial-strength dryers, fans, wet vacs, and more to get your home as dry as possible. They will also utilize sensors, meters, and monitors to determine the level of moisture in the air and walls.

If your home has suffered from flooding, it’s important to take immediate action. This will help minimize the damage and avoid any further problems down the line. It’s also a good idea to take steps to protect yourself and your family from potential threats, such as mold or other health risks.

You should always call a professional water restoration company if you’re dealing with a large amount of water damage. The best companies will be able to respond at a moment’s notice 24/7 with complete situational awareness, whether through a nationwide network of locations near major metros or pre-loaded fleets that speed up dispatch times. They will also have a comprehensive range of certifications, allowing them to remedy the most complex water damage. Their expertise and industry knowledge can help you save time, money, and peace of mind.

Stain Removal

A home can suffer from water damage due to a leaky pipe, an overflowing bathtub or sink, heavy rain, or melting snow. When this happens, it’s a good idea to call a professional company to help with the water restoration process. The experts will assess the situation, remove the excess water, and dry out the affected area. This will prevent further damage and mold growth and restore the space to its original condition.

Water damage restoration specialists will start by shutting off the water supply to the affected area. This will reduce the amount of destruction and minimize the potential for electrical short circuits. It will also minimize the risk of health hazards like toxic mold and bacteria. Standing water and moisture are ideal breeding grounds for bacteria and fungus, which can make people sick and lead to bronchial irritation and respiratory problems.

The next step is to extract the water using specialized equipment. This includes air movers and dehumidifiers to speed up the drying process. This will prevent additional structural damage to a building’s materials and minimize the possibility of mold and mildew growth. The experts will also use moisture detectors to determine the extent of the damage and rate it on a scale of 1 to 4.

If the water damage is severe, the professionals will have to remove parts of the walls and floors. They may also have to replace carpet padding and wooden trim boards. They will try to save as much of the remaining material as possible, though. They will also test the integrity of the drywall and flooring before starting any repairs. If the damage is class 3 or 4, however, it will be necessary to completely replace these damaged materials.


Documenting water damage can be a difficult task, but it is crucial to ensure that all necessary restoration services are covered by your insurance. Detailed and thorough documentation will help you get the compensation you deserve from your insurance provider. In addition, it will also help you keep track of your restoration work. It is a good idea to take photos or videos of the damage and keep receipts for any purchases you may have made to replace your damaged items.

Proper documentation can significantly speed up the claim process and help you save money. However, back-end processes like logging evaluations and inspections, tracking progress, and recording information can be a time-consuming hassle for cleaning and restoration companies. This is especially true when it comes to large commercial projects that require a lot of data management and reporting.

A quality restoration company will offer an effective disaster recovery solution for documents and other physical materials that are damaged by water. They will employ various drying methods, including freeze-drying and air-drying, to restore them. They will use specialized equipment and trained technicians to prevent the spread of mold, which can be quite dangerous to your health.

In addition to restoring physical documents, a quality restoration company will also provide a variety of water cleanup and repair services for carpets, flooring, furniture, and other materials that have been affected by water damage. They will ensure that all contaminated materials are removed from the property and use professional cleaning techniques to clean the affected areas.

ATI offers comprehensive water and disaster recovery services for homes and businesses. They will use advanced technology and skilled technicians to restore your documents and other valuable materials, and they will work with your insurance company to make sure that the costs of your restoration are covered. They will also perform a thorough inspection to assess the extent of your loss and recommend the appropriate restoration services.

Advantages of Radiant Barrier

Just like the reflective sunshade on your car, Radiant Barrier Houston redirects solar energy away from your roof. It prevents heat transfer and elongates the life of your HVAC system, ductwork, and holiday decorations.

Radiant Barrier

There are many types of radiant barriers, including rolls of foil-like materials draped on attic rafters; sheet goods laminated to plywood or OSB sheathing; and spray-on materials. The key is to select a product with high reflectivity and low emissivity.

Radiant barriers are a type of thermal insulation that reduces heat transfer by reflecting radiant energy rather than absorbing it. They don’t reduce heat conduction as well as traditional thermal insulation materials do, however. They’re typically installed in attics to help keep cooling costs down.

Radiant barrier sheathing is usually used in new-construction homes as a replacement for plywood or OSB board. It has foil adhered to one side, and it works by decreasing the amount of energy lost through emissivity. It can also be used in older homes as an upgrade to existing insulation.

The best part about radiant barriers is that they don’t rely on absorbing heat like other types of insulation, which can make them more effective and cheaper. They work by deflecting the heat and preventing it from transferring to other surfaces, which makes them ideal for hot climates.

Because they’re so effective, radiant barriers can often cut cooling costs by 5% to 10%. That’s a significant savings on a 90-degree day, especially when your HVAC system is working harder to cool your home.

If you’re considering adding a radiant barrier to your home, it’s important to shop around for quotes. Prices vary, and some companies offer a package deal that includes radiant barrier installation along with other energy-saving measures. It’s also worth noting that radiant barriers won’t be as effective if they’re not used in conjunction with attic or wall insulation. In fact, combining radiant barriers with conventional insulation is usually the most effective way to reduce cooling costs. You can also find spray-on radiant barrier paint, but this isn’t as effective and may require professional installation to avoid damaging your roofing materials.

The Cost

While radiant barriers can be a great energy-saving product, the costs of installing them can make them not very cost-effective. It is important to compare prices between different contractors and products before making any decisions. Also, to maximize the benefits of the radiant barrier, it should be installed along with other insulation.

It is recommended to install a minimum of 10 to 12 inches of thermal insulation along with radiant barriers. This will help reduce the cost of cooling the home and increase the efficiency of the air conditioner. The US Department of Energy has stated that the use of a radiant barrier can lower cooling costs by 5–10 percent in warm climates.

Radiant barriers are made of foil material that is placed over the rafters of an attic. This material reflects the sun’s heat away from the attic. This helps to keep the attic cooler and can even cut a home’s energy costs by up to 10%. Radiant barriers can be installed in new construction or in existing homes.

They can be used alone or with insulating materials such as batt or roll insulation. It is important to note that radiant barriers are most effective when they are installed in ventilated attics.

Radiant barrier installations are considered “green” technology, and some governments give homeowners a tax credit for using this product in their homes. However, it is important to note that this credit expires in 2016.

When considering a radiant barrier installation in your home, you should consider how much money the project will save and if it will pay for itself over time. The most cost-effective way to determine this is to perform a standard economic calculation. This will convert the expected future energy savings into present-value dollars and then compare this to the cost of a radiant barrier.

The installation process

Radiant Barrier is reflective foil insulation that is installed in an attic to help keep heat out. The way radiant barriers work is similar to the way a sunshade works on your car windshield: they send radiant energy from UV waves away from your house and back into the atmosphere. This helps reduce your cooling bills by lowering your attic temperature.

A properly installed radiant barrier can save you up to 25% in electricity costs. Depending on the size of your home and the amount of insulation in the attic, the savings may be greater.

You can install a radiant barrier in an attic in several ways, including by stapling it directly to the roof sheathing, applying it directly over existing attic floor insulation, or draping it over the rafters. Some methods may be more suitable than others depending on the climate, attic ventilation, construction stage, and where your ducts and HVAC equipment are located.

If you’re installing a radiant barrier in an existing attic, it’s important to leave a small area uncovered at the peak of the roof for proper attic ventilation. If you do not allow for adequate attic ventilation, the air inside your house can become stagnant and contribute to fungal growth. This can lead to health issues, especially if you have young children or elderly adults living in the house.

In addition to proper ventilation, it’s also recommended that you use high-quality attic insulation when installing your radiant barrier. This will help to increase your energy efficiency, further reducing your electric costs. In addition, it will help to keep your attic cooler and more comfortable. In short, a radiant barrier can significantly reduce your energy bills, making it worth the investment.

The Materials

For years, builders and HVAC installers in Sun Belt states have used aluminum foil sheeting in attics to reflect radiant heat away from homes. More recently, liquid radiation control coatings designed to be sprayed or rolled on have also been developed to help reduce summer heat gain in attics and throughout the home.

Radiant barrier products are made up of reflective building materials that primarily work to prevent heat transfer by radiant energy. Since heat can also be transferred through conduction and convection, most radiant barriers are paired with thermal insulation to slow down the movement of heat into and out of the building envelope.

When compared to typical insulation, radiant barriers have low emissivity and high reflectivity ratings. Emissivity is a measure of how much energy a material emits and is rated on a scale from 0 to 1. In contrast, radiant barrier products have emissivity ratings of 0.1 or less and are able to reflect 90% or more of the radiant energy that hits them.

Like the silver on a NASA spacecraft, a radiant barrier will reflect the radiant energy of the sun back into its atmosphere rather than into the home. In doing so, it keeps your attic cooler and can dramatically reduce your energy costs.

A radiant barrier can be installed in conjunction with conventional cellulose and fiberglass batt insulation to offer superior attic performance. However, it is important to note that radiant barriers cannot be installed over existing fiberglass insulation that has been compressed, as doing so significantly decreases its R-value and makes it ineffective. When installing over a compressed fiberglass batt, it is recommended that the installer add a new layer of insulation above the existing attic floor joists to ensure the integrity of the attic floor and prevent any moisture penetration.

The Warranty

Unlike traditional insulation, radiant barriers do not conduct heat. Instead, it reflects the heat that radiates from the roof into the attic and home. Because of this, it conducts 97% less heat than blown-in insulation. As a result, energy bills are significantly reduced, especially in warm climates such as San Antonio.

In addition to cutting down on energy bills, radiant barriers make attic space more useful for storage or as a workshop. This can be particularly important in homes with limited attic space or for those who have converted their attics into living spaces.

While it is not possible to calculate exactly how much savings homeowners can expect to see, computer studies conducted in Florida indicate that a typical attic radiant barrier offers a six- to seven-year simple payback and a 15 percent to 19 percent return on investment. The savings can even exceed this amount in some cases.

A radiant barrier can also save money by lowering the cost of solar power installation. The lower energy use from radiant barriers enables homeowners to qualify for a smaller solar panel setup, reducing the upfront costs of the system.

The installation process is relatively straightforward. For existing attics, the radiant barrier is stapled to the underside of the attic truss chords. The easiest method of installing a radiant barrier in new construction is to attach the foil material to the attic deck or truss chords after the roof decking and drywall have been installed but prior to the installation of ceiling drywall.

When working in an attic, it is important to wear protective equipment such as safety goggles, a long-sleeved shirt, and a face mask or kerchief over the nose and mouth. It is also a good idea to take frequent breaks and work slowly.

Important Things to Consider When Building a Wood Dock

When building a dock, it is important to remember that water levels fluctuate. Positioning the bottom of your dock’s beams a few inches above the maximum lake level is best. Read on Top-Notch Dock Building to learn more.

Dock Building

Investing some time in measuring and marking for fasteners is important when building a dock. This can help ensure that all nails and screws are driven at a consistent distance and with equal spacing.

Structural integrity refers to the ability of a structure or component to support loads and remains functional throughout its service life. The concept is particularly important for large structures such as bridges, airports, buildings and industrial facilities. Structural failure often occurs when a structural member is stressed beyond its load-carrying capacity. This can be due to a number of causes, such as corrosion, fatigue and environmental conditions. Structural failure also can result from poor design or construction practices.

A good designer will consider a variety of factors when designing a dock, including water conditions (waves, water level variations), soil types, and climate. In addition, a dock should be designed to accommodate the anticipated uses of the structure. For example, will boats be moored to it? Will it need benches or chairs built in? Choosing the right materials is also critical. Wood is a common choice for docks, but newer alternatives are available. For example, plastic lumber can be used for the understructure and deck planking. It is easy to work with and doesn’t rot or require preservative treatments. It also resists mildew and mold growth. This is an excellent alternative to pressure-treated wood.

It is not possible to have a complete understanding of how a structure will perform in service until it is in operation. This is why geological surveys and soil testing should be performed before a structure is built. These tests help to identify the maximum load-bearing capabilities of a site and ensure that the structure will have sufficient integrity to be safe for its intended use.

Engineers who specialise in structural integrity have a unique set of skills that allow them to design structures that are robust against unanticipated events. These engineers understand that a structure needs to be able to withstand significant loads with minimal damage over its lifetime. They may also be able to detect the onset of progressive collapse in a structure by monitoring changes to its mechanical properties.

A good example of this is the collapse of a skyscraper in Bangladesh, which killed more than a thousand people and injured twice as many. While it is difficult to predict when a building will fail, structural integrity engineers can minimise the risk by using innovative materials and designing them with a view to minimising progressive collapse.


One of the most important decisions to be made when building a boat dock is what material it will be constructed from. Several different materials are available, and each has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. Wood, for example, is an attractive option that can last a long time. However, it is prone to damage from the water and harsh weather conditions, and it requires regular maintenance to ensure that it holds up. Another option is concrete, which is very durable and does not require a lot of upkeep. Concrete is also less expensive than wooden options.

Choosing the right decking material is also important. Some woods don’t have the durability to be used for dock planking, and others can rot or become damaged quickly. In addition, some wood preservatives can cause environmental concerns. For these reasons, many homeowners are moving away from traditional pressure treated pine for their dock construction projects.

Cedar is a good choice for dock planking, as it resists rot and insect infestation well. It is also a beautiful material, with a color that ranges from a red-brown to what some call a pink-brown. However, it is critical to use a high-quality wood preservative when building a dock with cedar.

Other types of wood are suitable for dock construction, as well. Southern yellow pine is a popular softwood that can be used for dock planking. It is easy on tools and has a natural strength that makes it durable. However, it is prone to splintering and can rot if not properly maintained. In contrast, western red cedar is an excellent choice for a dock, as it resists rot and insect damage well. It is also a strong wood, with a color that ranges from red-brown to what some call p eak of the grain.

Once the dock is constructed, it needs to be anchored in place. This can be done with a heavy concrete anchor, or by screwing two large eye bolts into the land-side of the dock and then connecting them with galvanized steel cables. The weight of the anchor should be sufficient to keep the dock from spinning in wavy water.


Building a wood dock can be a great way to add value to your property, as well as provide a convenient place to moor boats and other watercraft. However, if you want your dock to look its best, you need to be careful when choosing your materials. Pressure treated wood can be prone to checking, warping and splitting, especially in a moist environment like a dock. In addition, stains and paint can be toxic in the event of a spill or accident, as they will contaminate the water.

A better option is to use cedar, which withstands moisture and rot well. Its natural, weathered gray appearance also adds beauty to your dock.

Unless you’re using a prefabricated dock system, your dock will probably be fastened with nails, deck screws or lag bolts. It’s important to take the time to ensure that all fasteners are laser straight and equally spaced, so that your finished product has a neat, professional look. It’s also a good idea to use stainless steel fasteners for the waterside portion of your dock, to prevent corrosion caused by saltwater.


One of the most important parts of building a dock is taking safety into account. Whether you’re building a residential dock or a commercial loading dock, safety is paramount. Even small improvements can help ensure the safety of everyone using the dock. For example, a simple first aid kit can be a lifesaver in case of an accident. In addition, a well-lit area is essential for any loading dock. This way, employees can see spills and other potential hazards.

The decking material used on a dock is a crucial decision. Many people choose Southern yellow pine, which is inexpensive and readily available in the southeastern United States. However, it can splinter, crack and warp over time. It is also vulnerable to rot and insect infestation. Other options for decking include treated lumber, tropical hardwoods and composites. The type of decking material you choose will affect the appearance and durability of the dock, so be sure to consider all of the available options before making a final decision.

Other important considerations when building a dock are the type of anchoring system and the infrastructure used to tie off boats. You should also check local regulations regarding the type, size and location of your dock. If you’re found noncompliant, you may be subject to fines or orders to remove the dock.

Electrical wiring is a big problem when it comes to docks, especially on loading docks. Electricity and water do not mix, so it’s important to make sure all electrical wiring is properly grounded and encased. This will prevent fires and reduce the risk of accidents in the workplace.

Stairs and ladders are another key component of dock safety. Always make sure they’re in good condition and easy to use. Inspect them regularly and replace any that are worn or unsafe. It’s also a good idea to add handrails for additional security, particularly if you have children or elderly individuals using the dock.

Routine maintenance is vital to keeping a dock safe for everyone who uses it. Make sure the decking is sealed every year, and that any rust spots are sanded and painted on as soon as they’re seen. By taking these simple precautions, you can keep your dock safe and attractive for years to come.

Different Types of Massage

Generally, the purposes of massage are to alleviate pain or stress. But it can also be performed on the whole body. In addition to manipulating soft tissues, such as muscles, tendons, and ligaments, it can also be applied to joints like the elbows and knees. Read on to learn more about what type of massage you need.


During a Swedish massage, the therapist applies pressure to the client’s body using long, gliding strokes designed to relax the body. The movements are used to open up blood vessels and increase circulation. This increases oxygen delivery to the muscles and allows more nutrients to reach them. It also helps to flush out toxins. The therapist will usually start the session with the back, then move to the legs and arms. She or he will then apply a combination of movements and oils to the body. Some clients will request specific areas to be relieved of tension.

Another technique that is used during a Swedish massage is called petrissage. This involves squeezing and rolling soft tissue. These movements are applied with different degrees of pressure. These strokes help to relax the tense muscles and calm the nerves. Getting a deep tissue massage can help you relieve stress, relieve chronic pain, and improve blood circulation. It can also help you resolve scars and break up painful bands of tissue. However, it can be uncomfortable. The pressure during the massage can be intense, and you may feel sore and achy after the massage.

Although deep tissue massage can provide many benefits, it is not right for everyone. Before deciding to have a deep tissue massage, check with your therapist to see if it is a good fit for you. You will be more likely to receive a positive response if you have a therapist you are comfortable with. The practitioner will use slow and firm strokes during a deep tissue massage. These movements are more intense than those of a Swedish or superficial massage. These methods will loosen muscle tissues and release built-up toxins.

During a massage with trigger point therapy, the practitioner identifies and isolates the knots or trigger points in the recipient’s muscle. The goal is to relieve the pain. A session can last from thirty to sixty minutes. The process involves stretching the area and applying sustained pressure. A deeper pressure increases blood flow, which helps remove metabolic waste products.

A simple and effective technique for trigger point therapy is the cycling method, which applies pressure to the trigger point while also releasing it. A therapist may use the fingers, thumb, elbow, or massage tool to apply sustained pressure for several seconds. Another technique is the dry needling method. A therapist can insert a small needle into the trigger point, which can help reduce pain. The pain relief usually occurs immediately.

Whether you’re an elite athlete or a casual runner, sports massage can be a great benefit. It reduces muscle stiffness, relieves pain, and increases the range of motion. This massage can also help heal injuries, promote flexibility, and reduce psychological stress.

Sports massage helps athletes get the most out of their athletic performance. It can be customized for specific athletes and injuries. It can be used before and after an event or for general health and fitness. Finding a qualified sports therapist with experience working with athletes is important.

A sports massage therapist may use effleurage (light stroking) and wringing. These techniques increase circulation and remove waste products. It can also reduce delayed onset muscle soreness. This type of stroking can be performed with the palms or with thumbs.

Adding a chair massage to your workplace can help your employees relieve stress and promote a healthy culture. The benefits include improved circulation, better muscle flexibility, and increased energy. In addition, your employees will enjoy the experience, boosting their performance and morale.

Studies have shown that massages can lower blood pressure and the number of toxins in the body. These benefits may be due to the stimulation of the skin and the flow of lymph fluid, which carry toxins away from the muscles. Chair massages are also great for promotional events. People are often standing or wandering around from booth to booth, making them more susceptible to muscle pain. You can get the most out of your massage by focusing on specific problem areas.

Wanrt To Know About Home Improvement? Read This

It may be difficult to know where to begin when it comes to renovating your home. To get started right, you will need a good foundation of knowledge, as well as a good amount of patience. This article provides you with a lot of hints and tips to do your best with a home project.

When building your own home through use of a contractor, add a clause to the contract that gives the builder a bonus for finishing on time and on budget. This clause will encourage your builder to do a good job in the time allotted, and can save you a lot of headaches due to missed deadlines and extended budgets.

Paint your old walls with coordinating stripes before installing paneling. Regardless of the quality of the panels you use, the old walls sometimes remain visible. In an effort to lessen the effect, first measure where the panels will join. Using a paint color to match your paneling, paint stripes on your wall.

When it comes to home improvement, one of the first questions that you need to ask yourself is if you intend on selling the house soon. If the answer is yes, then everything you do should be solely to promote the worth of your house focus only on the critical maintenance items and the areas with highest visibility. If you are not selling soon, then you will have more leeway to design in a way that is more favorable to your own taste.

Find the home that is the right size and has the features that your family needs to live a happy and comfortable life. There are many features that will make living in the home more comfortable depending on the lifestyle and tasks that a person has in their life. Finding the one that meets your personal needs will keep you happy with your home longer.

Now you know how to go about your own home improvement projects. These tips can help you be a success if you have the right mindset and a goal to work for.

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Things You Should Know About a Coding Bootcamp

If you’re thinking about starting a career in computer science, you may be wondering if a Coding Bootcamp is worth it. While a bootcamp does offer a valuable training program, you can often learn the same skills for less money elsewhere. Online courses are a great option if you’re looking for a streamlined learning experience. Moreover, most online courses are available for free. You just have to know where to look to find the most up-to-date resources. For example, you can search for Is Jeff Lerner a Scam to find legitimate reviews.

coding bootcamp

Most online coding bootcamps have payment plans. Some require students to pay a percentage of their salary, but it’s not uncommon for people to pay in full at the beginning. Unlike college or university degrees, coding bootcamps don’t typically accept student loans. The average cost is $11,906 (2018). However, some programs offer payment plans and scholarships to help students pay. They also offer online courses and are starting to expand their geographic reach.
Depending on the program, you may need to apply for more than one program. Some coding bootcamps are open to all applicants, while others will use competitive admission processes. You should also consider whether or not you can work in a team. Ultimately, you’ll need to work well with others and be a good team player. Fortunately, there are many reputable coding bootcamps throughout the country. If you’re not sure whether a coding bootcamp is for you, consider all the advantages it offers.
When it comes to career opportunities, a Coding Bootcamp may be the best option for you. The fast-paced, high-stress environment and community at a Coding Bootcamp will help you get to the next level. While learning how to code takes time and self-discipline, a Coding Camp provides access to a network of mentors, experienced developers, and peers who can help you navigate the world of coding. Having a team of classmates and teachers near you will save you hours of your life and increase your chances of success.
There are many options for a Coding Bootcamp. The program should be within your budget. If you can’t afford the program, you can use a student loan. You can also find a local coding bootcamp in your community. If you can’t afford a full-time program, you can choose an online program. If you’re a working professional, a Coding Bootcamp can provide you with the necessary skills for a successful career in the tech industry.
While most coding bootcamps publish a job placement report, they are not all equally reliable. Choosing a reputable one is important. A coding bootcamp with a proven track record should be your first choice. If you’re looking for a job in tech, a coding bootcamp will offer the best benefits for your time and money. However, before you enroll in a program, make sure you understand the requirements of the bootcamp you’re considering.
A Coding bootcamp is a great investment if you’re serious about learning to code. There are several advantages to attending a coding bootcamp. It will help you get a job after graduation. If you’re a beginner, you’ll need a laptop and Internet connection. A computer bootcamp can help you prepare for the job market. Besides offering a job, it can also provide a lot of networking opportunities.
Coding bootcamps can be either part-time or full-time. A full-time coding bootcamp will have several hours of class time per day. A part-time bootcamp will have fewer hours of class per week. The purpose of a coding school is to prepare students for an entry-level position. Generally, you’ll find the course to be a good choice if you’re interested in a career in software development.
Coding bootcamps can help you get a job as a software engineer. Most of them start with an introduction to web development concepts like HTML and CSS. You can then begin learning more advanced concepts like JavaScript and AngularJS. A coding bootcamp will help you build websites from scratch. If you’re considering a Coding Bootcamp, make sure to compare admission requirements and outcomes. The best school for you will meet your needs.
Students who attend a coding bootcamp are likely to be trained in the latest technologies and have a career in coding within a few years. They may need to take a few years to complete a four-year degree. But it can pay off to attend a coding bootcamp. During their training, they will learn how to use the latest technologies that are available in the world today. Regardless of where you go, a Coding Bootcamp is the perfect choice for you.

Aquarium Supplies – What You Need For Fish and Aquariums

Aquariums and fish tanks are great fun, but you need to ensure that they are safe. You don’t want your fish to be injured or to be put at risk of having them die. Ensure that you keep the right equipment in your fish tanks and use the right saltwater fish aquariums for your tanks. If you have no experience with tropical fish, it is advisable that you ask for an expert who can teach you about fish and aquariums. The more you know about fish tanks and aquariums, the better your knowledge about the maintenance and care of these lovely aquatic friends will be. Below are some of the important considerations that will help you choose the best aquariums and fish supplies for your tank.

aquariums and fish supplies

Ensure that you get the right marine fish for your aquarium. There are much marine fish to choose from, such as coral reef tank, glass tanks, and saltwater aquariums. Take time to learn about the marine fish you are interested in, and seek out the best options based on your experience. Check out the wide range of marine fish, aquariums, supplies and much more here.

Aquariums and fish supplies are very important, so choose the right ones that will suit your aquarium. It is not a good idea to get fish supplies that are too small or too large. The right size of aquariums and fish supplies will help you keep the fish healthy and happy. Most pet stores carry the complete range of aquariums and fish supplies but always take some time and research before buying.

Check for the extra supplies you may need to maintain your tropical fish tank such as filters and heaters. These accessories can make all the difference to your tropical aquarium. You should also be sure you know enough about aquarium maintenance to be able to answer any questions you might have when buying your supplies. Some tropical fish species require a specific amount of lighting and water changes, while others don’t.

Always check the manufacturer’s information on the fish supply and aquariums before purchasing. Some fish and aquarium products may not work properly in water that has too much chlorine or other chemicals. Other supplies may work well with certain types of tropical fish, but might be detrimental to others. Read the label carefully and don’t assume it’s okay to use if it’s not intended for the fish you own.

Some aquariums are more difficult to maintain than others. This is why it is very important to research what kind of tropical fish you have, the environment they live in, and the proper care and maintenance of the fish. There are fish supply stores that sell specific products geared toward certain species of tropical fish.

Most pet stores will carry supplies for tropical fish as well as some general stores. You can usually ask the clerk which fish products they recommend for your aquarium. When buying fish and aquariums supplies, it is always important to make sure you are buying quality products. There are some stores that won’t take the time or money to ship their products so you have to weigh that option as well.

Some fish stores and even some online retailers offer a large selection of fish and aquarium products that is almost limitless. There are plenty of stores that specialize in fish or aquariums. One place to look would be on the Internet as you can easily find an aquarium or fish store right from the comfort of your own home. Online retailers also often have reviews posted by their customers. Be sure to read these and ask any questions that you might have before making a purchase.